History Of Trinidad And Tobago

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History Of Trinidad And Tobago

A Brief History Of Trinidad And Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago are twin islands lie in the Southern Caribbean. The islands boost a rich history. Originally, Amerindians of South America settled in Trinidad and Tobago. The Amerindian name for Trinidad was Kaire or lere, which means “land of humming birds. The real history of Trinidad and Tobago begins when Christopher Columbus encountered the island in the year 1498. He named the island “holy Trinity”. It was then later turned into Trinidad. The cigar like shape of the island might give the name Tobago.

In 1700s, Trinidad came under New Spain along with Mexico and Central America. Meanwhile, the Dutch captured Tobago and established themselves in the island in the 16th and 17th centuries. They produced tobacco and cotton there. Trinidad in this period remained to be a forest and was populated by few Spanish people and their slaves along with the native Amerindians. After three hundred years, Trinidad was occupied by French. The French granted free lands in Trinidad to Roman catholic foreign settlers and their slaves. Consequently, the land became home for Scots, Irish, German, English and Italian people. During 1950s, Cocoa had become a staple in the export market of Trinidad. Meanwhile, Tobago changed hands between British, French and Dutch. In the year 1962, Trinidad and Tobago became independent nation and republic in 1976. Now Petroleum, petrochemicals and natural gas are the backbone of the nation’s economy.

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